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Head of Section Local Government and Public Law, Partner, Energy, Resources and Utilities
Carolyn is a Partner and Head of Section of our Local Government and Public Law team and is also a Partner in the Energy, Resources and Utilities practice. Please view her Local Government, Public Law and Regulation or her Energy and Resources profile below.
Local Government Profile
Carolyn has significant experience in public law having advised local, state and federal governments for over 18 years on a range of governance and regulatory issues. Carolyn draws on this expertise to lead our specialist Local Government team.
Carolyn advises local councils, council subsidiaries, public authorities, boards and committees on governance issues including the exercise of statutory powers, the granting of delegations, meeting reporting requirements, administering statutory funds and levying fees, rates and taxes. Carolyn is also experienced at advising on the delivery or procurement of services and infrastructure by government, the regulation of food safety by local councils, local council elections, waste management, roads, access to land and the emergency management responsibilities of local government. Carolyn is an experienced presenter and provides training on a broad range of governance issues.
Carolyn was admitted to practice in 1996 and was employed by the South Australian Crown Solicitor's Office to advise on the government's implementation of the National Competition Policy. Prior to joining Wallmans Lawyers, Carolyn worked for over a decade at Minter Ellison in Melbourne as a specialist adviser on Public Law and Regulation. Carolyn has been recognised for her work in the public sector in the Best Lawyers Australia listing which identifies the nation's outstanding legal practitioners.
As a specialist in regulatory design and implementation, Carolyn has assisted government agencies and authorities to develop and implement proposals for regulatory reform. This assistance has included facilitating intergovernmental discussions and stakeholder consultation, undertaking regulatory impact assessment, preparing drafting instructions for primary legislation and drafting administrative orders and subordinate legislation.
Accountability is of pivotal importance for both elected members and Council staff. As a specialist adviser on the interplay of governance, accountability frameworks and regulatory issues in public service delivery, Carolyn's aim is to ensure that her clients are supported to deliver services and projects in a manner which is accountable, commercial and meets policy objectives. To achieve this, she has worked closely with clients to develop policies and procedures for governance, commercial operations and the exercise of regulatory powers.
Public Law and Regulation Profile
Carolyn has significant experience in public law having advised local, state and federal governments for over 18 years on a range of governance and regulatory issues. Carolyn draws on this expertise to lead our specialist Public Law team.
Carolyn was admitted to practice in 1996 and was employed by the South Australian Crown Solicitor's Office in 1997 to advise on the government's implementation of the National Competition Policy. Prior to joining Wallmans Lawyers, Carolyn worked for over a decade at Minter Ellison in Melbourne as a specialist adviser on public law and regulation. Carolyn has been recognised for her work advising the public sector in the Best Lawyers Australia listing which identifies the nation's outstanding legal practitioners.
Carolyn's experience includes advising on administrative law, regulatory and legislative reform, statutory interpretation, tendering and government procurement, information management and constitutional law. She has extensive experience in regulatory design and implementation, having advised on the reform of regulation in relation to electricity, gas, water, occupational health and safety, waste management, emergency management and vocational education and training.
Carolyn has also worked with government agencies on organisational restructuring in the energy, water, waste management, port services and vocational education and training sectors. With a thorough understanding of the legal and regulatory issues which arise from these transitions, she has advised on the development and implementation of processes to address these issues and reduce project risk.
Understanding the rigours of public sector accountability, Carolyn's aim is to ensure that her clients are supported to deliver public services and projects in a manner which is accountable, commercial and meets public policy aims. To achieve this, she has worked closely with clients to develop policies and procedures for corporate governance, commercial operations and the exercise of regulatory powers.
Carolyn has advised government agencies on the delivery of significant public infrastructure projects, including for critical water infrastructure, precinct-wide trigeneration, roads, hospitals and prisons. Aside from ensuring public law requirements are satisfied by project processes and documentation, her role has involved the assessment of legislation to determine whether project objectives can be delivered within existing regulatory frameworks, and if not, assisting government agencies to seek regulatory reform.
Energy, Resources and Utilities
Carolyn has significant experience in providing strategic, regulatory and commercial advice on energy and water sector projects to public and private sector organisations.
Carolyn's experience spans the functional components of the energy and water sectors having advised industry participants and regulators in relation to:
- electricity generation (including renewable generation and trigeneration), transmission, distribution (including embedded generation) and retailing
- gas transmission, distribution and retailing, as well as upstream gas issues (including under legislatively ratified agreements)
- water supply and retailing
- public lighting
Carolyn was admitted to practice in 1996 and was employed by the South Australian Crown Solicitor's Office to advise on the government's implementation of the National Competition Policy. Prior to joining Wallmans, Carolyn worked for over a decade at Minter Ellison in Melbourne as a specialist adviser on public law and regulation. She has been named in the prestigious Best Lawyers Australia listing which identifies the nation's outstanding legal practitioners.
The economic regulation of energy and water businesses is a key focus for regulators and regulated businesses. Carolyn's experience included advising on key energy market reforms, including the restructuring and privatisation of State-owned utilities, the start up of the National Electricity Market in 1998 and the transition to a single energy market operator in 2009.
Carolyn has advised on relevant processes, the determinations of regulators in the energy and water sectors and on challenges to regulatory determinations. Carolyn has also advised on third party access regimes for services provided by means of utility infrastructure.
Carolyn's commercial experience in the energy sector includes the drafting and negotiation of electricity supply agreements, renewable energy supply agreements and operating agreements for trigeneration facilities, the preparation of terms of participation in energy technology trials, wastewater agreements and the drafting of energy- sector licences. Carolyn also has significant experience in undertaking legal due diligence for the proposed acquisition of energy businesses.
Memberships / associations
- Law Society of South Australia
- Institute of Public Administration Australia
- Resources, Energy and Environment Committee of the Business Law Section of the Law Council of Australia
Areas of Practice
Honours & Awards
- LG Insights | E-conveyancing – are your property transactions compliant?
- LG Insights | Procuring goods and services from small businesses
- LG Insights | Conflict of interest - not so ordinary business
- LG Insights | The formalities of informal gatherings
- LG Insights | Retainer arrangements: Avoid an advanced payment for an empty box
- LG Insights | Procurement – who are you contracting with?
- LG Insights | Local Government Act amendments: Constraints on the general by-law making power
- LG Insights | Probity plans: practical application of procurement requirements
- Community land: realising the benefits of a clearly drafted community land management plan
- Isbester v Knox City Council: Decisions affected by a conflict of interest will ‘go to the dogs’
- Increasing Consumer Choice – The Potential Impact of Prosumers on Electricity Market Regulation
- First decision interpreting the ICAC Act
- Broad reach of ICAC obligations
- LG Matters | January 2014
- LG Matters | October 2013
- LG Matters | July 2013
- LG Matters | March 2013